Pediatric allergy and immunology is the medical specialty focused on the diagnosis and care of children with allergies, asthma, eczema, and other types of immune system disorders and issues.
Pediatric allergist-immunologists work to identify the causes of and triggers for children’s illnesses, and they may intervene with preventive and treatment strategies to reduce the frequency and severity of symptoms and reactions.
Allergies and other immunologic conditions impact hundreds of millions of children around the globe. In the U.S., some 9 million suffer from asthma, for example. Food allergies affect about 5.6 million Americans ages 18 and younger, or about one in 13 children.